Meiji period 1868-1900
The Meiji period (1868-1890), known as the Meiji Restoration in Japanese history, was a period of great political, economic and social change. Beginning with the coup d'etat ousting Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the last shogun, from the ancient imperial seat in Kyoto on Jan 3, 1868. The rebels proclaimed the young Meiji emperor as ruler of Japan thus ending the Tokugawa shogunate(military government) and the Edo (Tokugawa) period (1603–1867). In a wider context, however, the Meiji Restoration of 1868 came to be identified with the subsequent era of major political, economic, and social change—the Meiji period (1868–1912)—that brought about the modernization and Westernization of the country.